Zimbabwe: Investor Protection Mechanisms in the Capital Market


Investor protections matter for the ability of companies to raise the capital needed to grow, innovate, diversify and compete. Without investor protections, equity markets fail to develop. Economies that have dynamic capital markets tend to protect investors effectively. In these economies investors receive financial information they can trust, they participate in major decisions of the company, and directors are accountable for their managerial decisions. If the laws do not provide such protections, investors may be reluctant to invest.

Investors are the pillar of the financial and securities market. They not only determine the level of activity in the capital market but also the level of activity in the economy. They put their money in stocks to help grow the market and the economy. It is therefore critical that investors be safeguarded from malpractices for the healthy growth of the economy and to ensure investors’ confidence in the market is maintained. C-TRADE as a market player helps to cultivate investor knowledge in the marketplace by ensuring an understanding of the investing public in the rights and obligations of the investors and the issuers in which they invest. In Zimbabwe there are a number of mechanisms put in place to ensure investors’ interests are protected.

These investor protection mechanisms include procedures, regulations, and enforcement mechanisms put in place to ensure investors are given adequate protection for their investments, with the objective of providing the public with a transparent investment landscape. There are pieces of legislation that also govern the operations of capital market participants. Participants are mandated to make protection of investor rights and interests of paramount importance and a priority.

The regulator of the capital markets, Securities Exchange Commission of Zimbabwe (SECZ), has put in place various investor protection mechanisms which include regulation and licensing of all capital market players. SECZ provides regulatory oversight on the activities of market participants. The continuous supervision of capital market players ensures that only institutions that uphold high ethical standards are allowed to operate. The Securities and Exchange Act and the Collective Investment Schemes Act are some of the pieces of legislation that govern the operations of capital market participants.

Besides superintending over the legal framework that governs market players, SECZ is also available to every investor who may have a claim or complaint against any of the regulated entities. Through the Investor Protection Fund (IPF) there is provision of compensation to investors for losses suffered as a direct result of a licensed contributor’s failure to meet their liabilities through insolvency, malpractice or other cause.