Nigeria: Senate Moves to Create Database for Livestock


The proposed legislation is aimed at solving the challenge of animal identification and management by establishing the National Livestock Bureau.

The Senate is considering a bill that will create a database for livestock.

The bill for an Act to ‘establish national livestock and management (protection, control and management etc) bureau’ scaled second reading on Tuesday. It is sponsored by Bima Enagi (APC, Niger South).

The legislation is aimed at solving the challenge of animal identification and management by establishing the National Livestock Bureau for the purpose of livestock identification, traceability, registration, cattle rustling control and livestock disease control.

Debate

Leading the debate, Mr Enagi noted that although livestock identification was originally intended to indicate ownership and prevent rustling, it has been expanded to include information on animals’ origins (birthplace, parentage, sex, breed, genetics) as well as the ability to trace an animal product back through the marketing chain to its source.

He said the movement of livestock and their products has increased the spread of diseases, increased the threat to human health and reduced consumer confidence in animal products. The Bureau, when established, will ensure the traceability of animal products into the country, in order to safeguard the lives citizens.

Some objectives of the Bill include:

* Creation of a National Livestock Identification database.

* Ensure management, traceability, and control of movement of livestock.

* Ensure livestock health and disease management through disease surveillance, prevention and quick response to disease outbreaks.

* Food safety through the traceability of animal products.