Kenya: From Subsistence to Commercial Farming – Making the Transition

Anisa Abdalla wears many hats, which she juggles with ease.

She is the chairperson of the Agricultural Society of Kenya (ASK), Mombasa branch, and Athletics Kenya in the county.

She is also a board member of Women Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the proprietor of Anfrid, an event organising firm and lastly, she is a farmer.

On her half-acre farm near the North Coast Medical College in Kikambala, Kilifi County, she grows various crops that include amaranth, collard greens, onions and fruits.

Amaranth is her major crop, thanks to its high demand at the Coast, where it is known as mchicha.

“My interest in farming started in mid 1980s as I served in various committees at the Agricultural Society of Kenya. Then, I was growing crops small-scale for home consumption,” says the 58-year-old.

“Then in 2015, I thought about planning for my retirement and saw farming was the best venture to engage in.”

Dream comes true

But it was not until 2018 that she actualised her dream, having drilled a borehole some years back.

This followed a visit to Kenya Seeds Company, Syngenta and Amiran stands at the Mombasa ASK show where she was advised the crops to grow, among them amaranth, okra, tomato and brinjal.

She went for the horticultural crops, going big on amaranth.

To grow amaranth, she starts with propagating the seeds in a nursery bed.

“Once done, I broadcash the seeds in the nursery and mix with soil, then water twice a day until they germinate after a week. The watering continues after the seeds are transferred from the nursery to the farm,” she says, adding she uses animal manure to grow the crops.

Three weeks after planting, harvesting commences.

“I got my firrt harvest from amaranth, okra and brinjal and was so happy. I harvest at least100 kilos of each and sold it to my neighbours in Tudor at between Sh40 and Sh60 each,” says Anisa, who employs one worker. This has encouraged her to grow more plants and keep several animals as she slowly commercialises her farm.

It also hosts two soursop trees, 10 pawpaws, 14 assorted banana plants, passion plants, quarter-acre cassava and various vegetables, which she grows under irrigation, with the system having cost her Sh42,000 during installation.