Ghana: Ramadan Murbarak to All Muslims

Islam, as religion, hinges on what are described pillars and these are five, namely the professing of the Islamic faith (shahada), including the belief that there is no other god but God Almighty and Mohammed is the Messengerof God (Allah); Prayer (salat);Alms-giving(zakat); Fasting (sawm); and Pilgrimage (hajj).

Muslims across the globe on Tuesday began a month-long fasting in fulfilment of one of these five pillars of Islam, observed in the month of Ramadan.

Ramadan is the ninth month on the Islamic calendar in which the Qur’an was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him).

During the month of Ramadan, Muslims are expected to fast for a period of 29 or 30 days depending on the sighting of the crescent (moon).

Thus, Muslims start fasting after seeing the moon on the last day of Shaban, the month that precedes Ramadan.This year, Ramadan ends when the sun sets on Wednesday, May 12.

In Ghana, the National Chief Imam, Sheik Dr Osman Nuhu Sharubutu, the leader of Muslims in Ghana, made an official announcement of the commencement of the fast on April 12 and wished Muslims across the world a peaceful Ramadan.

During Ramadan, Muslims abstain from food and drink from dawn to dusk. However, before the sun rises, Muslims usually wake up to eat.Those who do not want to wake up early have a big dinner before bed.

When the sun sets, there is a communal meal called ‘Iftar’, used to break the fast, usually with family or friends.

Not all Muslims are enjoined to fast. Pregnant women, women in their menses, the sick and those travelling long distances are exempt.