Gambia: Hassoum Ceesay, the Gambia and Pan-Africanism,1900-2020 – a Study in International Relations of a Small State, the Gambia National Museum, Banjul, 2021, 110 Pages.


As Africa celebrates Africa Liberation Day (ALD) May 25, a new book by eminent Gambian historian Hassoum Ceesay puts The Gambia’s primary role in the Pan-African movement under the scope.

Titled ‘The Gambia and Pan-Africanism,1900-2020: a study in International Relations of a Small State, the 110 page book seeks to address a gap in foreign policy and international relations studies by examining the rich tapestry of The Gambia’s engagement with various project and personalities in support of the Pan-African ideals of a United States of Africa.

The author asserts that despite her small size and limited resources, The Gambia has played a larger-than-life role in the promotion and development of Pan-Africanism since the founding of the National Council for British West Africa (NCBWA) in 1920 by the Gambian patriot Edward Francis Small, to agitate for self-rule in the four British colonies in West Africa.

The author also goes at length to remind readers of the role of The Gambian newspapers in promoting African liberation and black dignity; the role of women like Ya Aret Mboge in the 1960s in creating awareness of the Pan-African ideals (p.22); the role of Gambian youth in strengthening national discourse on Pan-Africanism which culminated in the famous 1969 visit to Bathurst (Banjul) of the famous Black Panther and Pan-Africanist idol Kwame Ture and his wife the singer Mariam Makeba (p.40).

The Gambia’s role in promoting the Pan-African ideals of freedom and unity was also clear in the very close ties that Prime Minister Jawara cultivated with Ghana’s Kwame Nkrumah soon after independence. Nkrumah as president of Ghana was the epitome of Pan-Africanist thinking and action; therefore when Jawara visited him twice in 1965, that was an indication of how the New Gambia of 1965 was eager to play her part in the development of African unity’, he wrote (p.43-46).

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