Egypt Toughens Penalties for FGM – Activists Remain Sceptical


Most of the 28 countries in Africa where FGM is endemic have banned FGM, although enforcement is generally weak

Egypt has toughened penalties for female genital mutilation (FGM), imposing prison terms of up to 20 years in a push to end the ancient practice.

It is the second time Egypt’s parliament has cracked down on FGM – which typically involves the removal of a girl’s external genitalia – but activists remain sceptical about enforcement in a country where cutting is deep-rooted and widespread.

“It’s fantastic news that Egypt has strengthened its law on FGM again. However, unless the government takes it seriously this time, nothing is likely to change,” Brendan Wynne, co-founder of The Five Foundation advocacy group, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation on Monday.

“Medical professionals are still performing FGM in Egyptian clinics – and even offering their services publicly,” said Wynne by email from his group’s New York headquarters.

Most of the 28 countries in Africa where FGM is endemic have banned FGM, although enforcement is generally weak.

World leaders have pledged to end FGM by 2030, but the practice remains as common as it was 30 years ago in Somalia, Mali, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Chad and Senegal.

In Egypt, the government and civil society groups have tried awareness campaigns, field visits and tougher penalties.

But Wynne said perpetrators are rarely held to account – particularly in rural areas, where FGM is more entrenched.

“We need to see a few high profile cases of doctors being given long sentences and struck off for performing this horrific act of violence. Unless this happens it doesn’t really matter what type of law there is,” he said.

Amendments approved on Sunday include increasing the maximum sentence from seven years and banning medics involved in FGM from practising for up to five years.